According to the 2013 United Nations World Happiness Report of 2013, the Netherlands was ranked fourth happiest country in the world. The Netherlands has the thirteenth-highest per capita income in the world, according to the International Monetary Fund. Perhaps that's why it is such a happy country!
There are still over 1,000 traditional working windmills in the Netherlands. 19 of these can be found at the Unesco World Heritage Site of Kinderdijk.
There are 1,281 bridges in Amsterdam! There are almost no streets in the Dutch village of Giethoorn, but there are many canals, which is why it's also known as the "Venice of the Netherlands".
There are more bikes (over 18 million) in the Netherlands than there are people. There are about 15,000 km of bike lanes in the Netherlands. Pedestrians are not allowed to walk on the specially-designated bike lanes, found all over the country. A Dutch person will cycle 2.5 km per day on average and 900 km per year.
The Netherlands are famous for their tulips, but tulips originally didn't grow there. They were imported from the Ottoman empire in the 17th century. Today, the Netherlands is the biggest producer and exporter of tulips in the world. But not just tulips. 75% of the world's flower bulbs come from the Netherlands. The famous tulip garden Keukenhof is the largest flower garden in the world.
The Amsterdam Stock Exchange is the world's oldest stock exchange. The Netherlands was a founder member of the Euro, swapping their "gulden" to the euro on January 1, 1999. The Netherlands was one of the six founding members of the European Union.
The Netherlands has produced many well-known painters including famous names such as Rembrandt van Rijn, Vincent van Gogh, and Willem de Kooning. There are at least 22 Rembrandt painting and 206 works by Van Gogh in Amsterdam alone. There are approximately 1000 museums in the Netherlands, 42 of them situated in Amsterdam.
Did you know that carrots didn't use to be orange? They were black, yellow, red, purple or white. An orange variant was made in honor of the House of Orange, that led the revolt against the Spanish and later became the Dutch Royal Family.
Both Australia and New Zealand were discovered by the Dutch. Australia was named "New Holland", and New Zealand was named after the province of Zeeland. The latter is a great place to spend a weekend, by the way.